During the age of oil, cities expanded and suburbs grew at an enormous rate. Initially convenient, residents discovered the down side of distance from the city centre – long commutes, air pollution and unhealthy lifestyles. In recent years there has been a greater interest in building transit oriented cities. These cities often focus on mixed development with residential, business and commercial areas within walking distance to promote a car free lifestyle. Other ideas which have been adopted include tools for walkability and improvements to the cycling infrastructure to promote cycle use. Bike sharing schemes have also become popular amongst many cities across the world, examples include countries such as the UK, Denmark and France (London, Copenhagen and Paris) in Europe as well as the Americas (Mexico City, Vancouver, Montreal and New York). In addition there has been a push for the use of renewable energy for public transportation as well as increased smart city infrastructure to improve traffic efficiency (Bandung and Singapore). Many cities are also experimenting with integrated transportation planning (Chicago, Montreal). In the future this is likely to be built upon through innovations such as the electric car and autonomous vehicles, as long as these innovations are oriented toward sustainability.
In many industrialising cities, while the desire for more effective and efficient public transportation is high, the cost of subways or monorails can be prohibitive. This being the case bus rapid transit schemes have become popular in many places. The first, and most famous example is Curitiba, Brazil but there are many others including Jakarta, Bogota, Lagos and Johannesburg to name but a few.
What else is there? Which policies, instruments, frameworks, projects or initiatives do you know about? Are there policies in your country, region or city to enable better and cleaner transport options? Do you know about or are you involved in projects in your community, school or business that are supporting low carbon transportation?
If so, please let us know in our questionnaire.